2020-01-09 11:41:21 浏览：3045
第一部分： 阅读理解 （共两节，满分40分）
the other day i found my old certificates (证书). we had exams called o levels when we were sixteen. (they are called something different now.) it’s so long ago that i’d forgotten what we’d studied. i had nine o levels when i left school and one was in cookery. i was surprised because i’m a terrible cook!
my main memory is what we had to wear! i had a purple skirt with yellow lines on it, and then we had those silly hats with a purple line round them. girls would do anything to lose their hats. then when i was about twelve, my parents moved to the united states and i went to my new school in my favourite clothes. it was great!
i had a normal (正常的) day at school, but i also had music lessons because my parents wanted me to learn the violin. so i had special classes at school before everyone else arrived. so most pupils started at eight thirty, but i had to go to school at seven o’clock for my music lessons. then at the end of the day, i’d do sport, so often i didn’t finish until five in the afternoon. that was a long day for a ten-year-old.
i travel a lot nowadays, and i suppose my interest in other countries began with geography and a teacher i liked called mr. byford. we’d learn about faraway places and strange areas. i think it made me want to visit them later in life.
1. how was dean’s life when he was ten?
a. busy. b. happy. c. lonely. d. peaceful.
2. why does susan mention mr. byford?
a. to introduce mr. byford as a good teacher.
b. to discuss how geography should be taught.
c. to show that mr. byford has changed her life.
d. to explain how she became interested in travelling.
3. what are these people mainly talking about?
a. personal interests. b. school memories. c. childhood habits. d. favourite teachers.
the sun was setting and the farm would be closing soon. i dressed our three daughters quickly as my husband started the car. cutting down our own christmas tree had been a family tradition.
as we walked through the rows of trees, my youngest daughter kimberly shouted excitedly, “there it is, the perfect tree!” the other two agreed. my husband and i looked at each other puzzled (困惑的). it was misshapen and pine needles (松针) were missing here and there.
we tried to talk our daughters into changing their minds, but failed. we had to tie the tree to the top of our car and headed home. as we reached our house, heather jumped out first. suddenly she shouted, “the tree isn’t there!” we thought she was kidding. however, it wasn’t there.
the girls were so sad. “we’ll get another tree tomorrow,” i said, secretly hoping the new tree would be prettier. but the girls gave us the look that no parent can say no to. we had no choice but to go back and find that tree.
about five minutes into our drive, we saw our tree on the side of the road. clearly it had been run over by a truck and a big part of it had fallen off, but we took our little broken tree home anyway.
once at home, we all agreed that the flat broken side would go up against the wall. that night, as we decorated our tree, something magical happened. by the time we were done, i had to admit (承认), it didn’t look sad after all. “this is the best tree we ever had. it’s perfect!” my second daughter samantha said excitedly. my husband and i couldn’t have agreed more!
now we always recall that little broken tree! year by year, we tell the story of that very special christmas almost twenty-five years ago.
4. why did the couple feel puzzled at first?
a. their daughters chose an ugly tree.
b. their daughters made a terrible mistake.
c. their daughters wouldn’t change their minds.
d. their daughters didn’t want to find other trees.
5. how did the author feel when she knew the tree was missing?
a. sad. b. worried. c. surprised. d. pleased.
6. what do we know about that night when the author’s family decorated their tree?
a. they did magic for fun.
b. they took turns telling stories.
c. they turned the tree into an unforgettable one.
d. they argued over how the tree should be decorated.
7. what is the best title of this text?
a. a special christmas gift b. a sad little tree
c. decorating the perfect tree d. following a family tradition
at schools across the united states, students often sit down to school lunches made from foods that are high in fat and sugar. but kids at public school (p.s.) 216 have a different dining experience. head teacher donna neglia reports that her “students love eating fresh fruits and vegetables.”
p.s. 216 takes part in the edible schoolyard project, a program started by alice waters in 1995. it helps public schools across the country start on-site gardens. students grow and care for crops, harvesting (收获) the fruits and vegetables for school meals.
in a recent interview, waters advised schools to “connect with the farmers in their area, and change their buying practices” when planning meals for students. “instead of having a hot dog or a pizza that comes from a fast-food restaurant,” she said, “schools should buy a real hot dog that is organic (有机的), and they should buy a pizza from somebody who cares about where the foods come from.”
the students and teachers at p.s. 216 work together to keep a garden and farm in the middle of new york city. “students are happily involved (参与) in all of the most important tasks,” said teacher cecilia galarraga, “including watering, planting, harvesting, etc.”
through the edible schoolyard project, students also learn about the advantages of healthy eating in the classroom. neglia said that p.s. 216 is teaching kids about “careers (职业) in the food industry — such as farming, food safety, and the restaurant business.”
similar classes are taking place around the country. so far, the edible schoolyard project has reached more than 1 million students in more than 360 schools.
“i’m thinking about the future of the planet,” waters said. “i’m doing this for the young generation.”
8. what’s waters’ main purpose of starting the edible schoolyard project?
a. to introduce nearby farmers to schools. b. to teach students about gardening skills.
c. to prepare students for their future careers. d. to encourage healthy eating among students.
9. what do students think of taking part in gardening and farming activities?
a. tiring. b. relaxing. c. enjoyable. d. unnecessary.
10. what can we learn about the edible schoolyard project?
a. it entered p.s. 216 in 1995. b. it was started in new york city.
c. it was created by donna neglia. d. it has been run in several hundred schools.
11. what is the purpose of this text?
a. to introduce. b. to praise. c. to advise. d. to discuss.
there have been some suggestions lately calling for the end of traffic in some cities by the year 2034. in order to reduce (减少) all this traffic, governments are planning to take away one of its biggest contributors (促成物) — cars. but is this a good idea? our first reaction may be no-no-no. they’re taking away our cars and how can we travel in the city daily? but when you consider the problem a little longer, you may find the plans quite sound and realistic. here’s why:
the one thing that annoys (使烦恼) most big cities is the non-stop heavy traffic. you have to see how terrible it is to drive into a very busy city centre — london, miami, tokyo? i’d say it’s very bad. city layouts (规划) simply aren’t built to manage that many moving parts. if we allow only buses, taxis and bikes to use the road, traffic problems in large cities will be immediately solved.
if you ever go to a large city centre, you often realize the difficulty some people have with sidewalk-to-sidewalk travel. if you live in new york city, there are so many people crossing in such a small area, that it’s often difficult to know what exactly is even going on. but if cities begin to do away with cars, we’d see an increase in out-of-town travellers more willing to walk about city centres in safety.
the one thing that troubles any driver is being stuck in a traffic jam in the centre of town. you move forward at a very low speed, feeling annoyed, mad, and helpless. but why go through this hassle? if we do away with cars throughout major cities, it will give drivers the chance to actually enjoy their journeys on (more) open roads. it’s a strange thought, yes, but many drivers will tell you driving in city centres is like driving in hell (地狱).
12. what is the author’s attitude to the government plans in paragraph 1?
a. doubtful. b. uninterested. c. unfavourable. d. supportive.
13. what can we infer from paragraph 2?
a. many large cities are widening their roads.
b. cars are the main cause of traffic problems.
c. there is something wrong with city layouts.
d. the author is an experienced driver in a big city.
14. what does the author say about new york city?
a. it is heavily polluted. b. its streets are too busy.
c. it has fewer cars than before. d. its tourist numbers are increasing.
15. what does the underlined word “hassle” in the last paragraph probably mean?
a. a sudden change. b. a serious accident.
c. an annoying situation. d. a dangerous experience.
i'm sure we all know that exercise is great for our health. but sometimes finding that motivation (动力) to work out can be a little difficult. so, in this post, i’m going to share my top four reasons for working out.
whenever i move to a new city to study or work, i look for exercise classes to do. you meet like-minded people, and you can support each other during a difficult workout. 17
exercise makes you feel confident (自信的).
we all know the physical advantages of exercise on our bodies but we don’t always talk about the mental (心理的) ones. 18 this new confidence might even help in your social or work life.
exercise helps to reduce stress (压力).
going for a run can help you forget the problems and worries of daily life. 19 it makes me feel less worried and it also helps me to sleep those important eight hours the night before a big exam.
finally, exercise makes us feel strong and healthy!
every day, the 20 minutes in the gym get easier, the weights feel lighter and you feel a great sense of achievement. 20
so, next time you’re feeling down or stressed, put your trainers on and get some exercise. it might not be easy but i promise you’ll feel so much better once you’ve finished!
a. exercising is sociable.
b. exercise can change your mind.
c. during exams, i always spend an hour a day in the gym.
d. when the class finishes, you all share a collective feeling of happiness!
e. when you work out, your body produces something that makes you happy.
f. it’s a great feeling doing something you couldn’t do before through hard work.
g. exercise might give you a feeling of confidence from being comfortable with your body.
第二部分： 语言知识运用 （共两节，满分45分）
on september 11, 2001, i was in my second week of fifth grade at hutchinson elementary school in pelham, new york. during the day, i 21 that something had happened at the twin towers, the tallest buildings in new york city. but nobody seemed to really 22 what was going on. it wasn’t until school let out that i realized something might be 23 . my dad usually picked me up, 24 he wasn’t there. my dad was a firefighter (消防员). his 25 was less than a mile from the twin towers.
when i got home, my mom told me that the twin towers had been attacked, and my dad had gone there to 26 . most of the rest of that day is a blur (模糊的记忆). i 27 only bits and pieces, like my mom calling hospitals all over new york city, 28 to find my dad. two days later, she told me that he was probably 29 .
we didn’t learn exactly what had happened to my father until much later. we 30 that he had sent a radio message at 9:56 a.m. at the time, he and hundreds of other 31 firefighters were in the burning south tower trying to 32 as many people as possible. just three minutes later, the tower 33 . the other tower came crashing (撞击) down about a half hour later.
17 years later, i still 34 my dad every day. he instilled (灌输) in me a 35 for my community, and his 36 encouraged me to volunteer with the 9/11 legacy advocates, a group made up of people who 37 family members on 9/11 like me. we attend events and teach others about the importance of that day.
when i look back, i don’t think only of the sad 38 . i also remember the great acts of so many people, 39 my dad. i’m really 40 to call him my hero.
21. a. saw b. heard c. reported d. imagined
22. a. wonder b. care c. know d. doubt
23. a. wrong b. true c. different d. strange
24. a. so b. but c. if d. as
25. a. hospital b. home c. school d. station
26. a. help b. talk c. stay d. beat
27. a. want b. give c. get d. remember
28. a. hoping b. promising c. requiring d. refusing
29. a. tired b. gone c. chosen d. mistaken
30. a. made sense b. made sure c. picked out d. found out
31. a. serious b. courageous c. excited d. surprised
32. a. save b. control c. meet d. tell
33. a. showed up b. shut up c. fell down d. broke down
34. a. read about b. think about c. worry about d. learn about
35. a. pity b. fear c. love d. need
36. a. carefulness b. patience c. wisdom d. bravery
37. a. discovered b. forgot c. lost d. left
38. a. event b. lesson c. example d. change
39. a. instead of b. except for c. probably d. especially
40. a. proud b. thankful c. sorry d. sad
traffic jams (堵塞) are a common problem in larger cities. in some cities, traffic jams get so bad during rush hour that it is sometimes 41. ________ (fast) to walk than to drive. traffic accidents are also a problem. sadly these problems are not easy to solve. however, a traffic system (系统) being tested in several cities in northern europe has led to some surprising 42. ________ (result).
the system 43. ________ (call) “shared streets”. it is a system that has very few traffic laws. as a result, shared street areas have no traffic lights or street signs. although most people would expect this to cause the number of traffic jams and accidents 44. ________ (go) up, until now 45. ________ has been a great drop in both. one reason 46. ________ (be) that the shared streets system encourages people to be more 47. ________ (care). without traffic rules, people slow down and pay more attention 48. ________ each other. normal traffic systems, on the other hand, depend on signs, 49. ________ people often miss or don’t follow, leading to accidents. also, the shared streets system decreases (减少) traffic jams because without fixed (固定的) parking spaces, it is easier for cars to move around 50. ________ (free) when there is a lot of traffic.
第三部分： 写作 （共两节，满分35分）
注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词；2. 只允许修改10处，多者（从第11处起）不计分。
sometimes, you get a teacher who not only brings learning to life, but make you believe in yourself and dream big. for me, that teacher was ms. gao. before ms. gao, i had been accepted the idea that i was not the good writer. math and science were my best subject, and in my mind, something could change that. but ms. gao proved us wrong. she taught me take risks in my writing and helps me uncover the storyteller within me. her influence in her students was not just within the classroom. she created a safe space which our opinions and dreams mattered.
1. 介绍你的学习情况；2. 询问他的汉语学习情况；3. 告知你将去他所在的城市旅行。
注意： 1. 词数100左右；2. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。
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